As one of the common contingencies to real estate purchase agreements a home inspection report reveals the actual condition or functionality of all systems of in a house. Most often hired by the buyer, an inspector examines the house thoroughly for non-functioning systems, damages, and repairs that may be needed. A detailed inspection report forms the basis for continuing with the purchase, allowing the seller to make repairs, renegotiating the sale price, or for pulling out of the sale. A home inspection is recommended on purchases of previously owned homes as well as new construction and is a critical component of an escrow timeline.
A home inspector checks the grounds, the building exterior, climbs onto the roof, pokes at the foundation, and crawls into attic spaces. Inspectors examine roof trusses to be sure they’re connected to the frame correctly. Walls are examined for leakage or mold. Floor cracks are noted, as is separation from the baseboards. The conditions of doors, floors, stairways, counters, cabinetry, and windows are noted on the inspection report with notes on any items that don’t function as they should. This includes testing of all interior appliances that are built-in or included in the purchase contract. Ceilings are checked for any signs of water leakage. All piping is tested, including drains, vents and waste systems. All electrical components are examined to ensure they fit and are operating safely. Heating and air-conditioning systems are also tested.
Your real estate agent should be able to provide contact information for reputable home inspection companies in your area.